Chance of a Thunderstorm
Weather for San José:
High 28° / Low 22°
Overcast
Click here for six-day forecast for 16 communities across Costa Rica!
CLICK HERE TO
SIGN UP FOR OUR FREE DAILY NEWSLETTER
BUY
545.00
SELL
557.00
BUY
605.39
SELL
635.37
BUY
414.58
SELL
438.58
Banco BAC
Banco BCR
Banco Nacional
Banco Popular
Banco Scotiabank

5,000 New Species Found in Costa Rica

Share this article
Source: Flickr CC

Source: Flickr CC

Costa Rica’s rich biodiversity is getting richer. According to a recent article published by national news daily La Nacion, researchers and environmental officials in Costa Rica discovered and classified 5,000 new species between 2011 and 2013. This discovery is part of the country’s National Biodiversity Strategy (ENB in Spanish) for 2014-2020, which is part of the United Nations Environment Program’s (UNEP) Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The ENB seeks to classify, investigate and safeguard Costa Rica’s species, which account for almost four percent of the world’s biodiversity. One of the first steps of the ENB is to provide a diagnostic of Costa Rica’s biodiversity, which is constantly exposed to threats such as human population growth, waste, loss of habitats, poaching and exploitation of natural resources, climate change, invasive species, and consumer culture.

The ENB diagnostic will be followed by the creation of policies and a plan of action to implement the strategy. After the policymaking and planning stage, a few mechanisms will be developed for the purpose of exchanging information and to study the economic impact of the environmental services deployed across Costa Rica’s ecosystems.

Aside from complying with United Nations directives, Costa Rica has an obligation to the world in terms of preserving her biodiversity, which is her greatest resource. The UN Strategic Plan for Biodiversity has certain targets that participating countries must strive to achieve. Here are some of those targets:

  • At least halve and, where feasible, bring close to zero the rate of loss of natural habitats, including forests.
  • Establish a conservation target of 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of marine and coastal areas.
  • Restore at least 15% of degraded areas through conservation and restoration activities.
  • Make special efforts to reduce the pressures faced by coral reefs.

The UN Convention on Biological Diversity calls on biologically diverse countries such as Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa and others to not only protect their species but also utilize them as resources in a sustainable and equitable manner. The Ministry of the Environment is the supervisory entity with regard to the ENB; the operational entities are the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC in Spanish) and the Biodiversity Management System (CONAGEBio in Spanish).

Costa Rica has more than 500,000 species, and about 300,000 are insects. Not surprisingly, the majority of the new 5,000 species found are insects, although a few orchids, mollusks and mushrooms were found –as well as a few vertebrates, including: fish, reptiles and birds.

The increase in species indicates that Costa Rica’s conservation efforts, including the ongoing reforestation, are paying off.

Print Friendly

Related Articles

Costa Rica Participates in 2nd UN Arms Trade Treaty Conference

By Wendy Anders This morning in Geneva, Switzerland, Costa Rica’s Security Minister Gustavo Mata [...]

Obama and Solis Met on Security, Migration, and More in DC Today

By Wendy Anders Today President Obama and Vice President Biden received Costa Rican President Luis [...]

National Dish of Costa Rica Goes Global With New Campaign

Adding a sexy, healthy spin to our familiar breakfast menu of pancakes, eggs and cereal is now easier [...]

Taxistas vs Uber – Surprise Protests Announced, Plus New Platform

By Wendy Anders Official (red) taxi representatives cancelled a meeting last Tuesday that they had [...]

Costa Rica Police Rescued Baby Horse from Caiman-Infested Waters

A young colt that was about to become a meal for hungry caimans is happily galloping today thanks to a [...]

Suspected Tomb Raider Gets Raided in Costa Rica

On Friday afternoon, agents from the Office of Judicial Investigations (Spanish initials: OIJ) raided a [...]

Costa Rica is the First Nation to Ratify Convention Against Racism

Washington, D.C. — The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) welcomes Costa Rica’s [...]

Man Gunned Down at Sexual Tourism Hotel in Costa Rica

A 45-year old man survived a shooting that took place just outside of the Del Rey Hotel, a major sexual [...]